What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disease involving the body’s reproductive hormones. While a woman may have the condition without being aware, the body can start to produce some of the male hormones, and thus female hormones, outside of its normal menstrual cycle. Some common symptoms are: Lack of or uneven sex drive Fertility problems such as irregular ovulation Infertility Chronic or uncontrolled acne Ovary enlarged or crowded Thickened and enlarged endometrial lining, excess hair growth on the face and body Bumpy or discolored skin on the arms and legs. Further, the Menstrual Cycle in Polycystic ovarian syndrome primarily affects women, but some men may have the condition, as well.

Symptoms of PCOS

Women with PCOS may experience: Fatigue Menstrual cycles that last 10 to 26 days Excess hair on the face, chest and back, bloated stomach, high blood pressure, especially at night fertility problems, including difficulty getting or staying pregnant, miscarriages, infertility, menstrual and ovulation problems, including irregular periods. Also, an estimated one in 10 women with PCOS may experience ovulation abnormalities or changes in the menstrual cycle.

Causes of PCOS

Researches indicate that there are several factors associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), such as diet, menstrual cycle irregularities, stressful life events, and smoking. Different studies suggest that genetic factors play a role in the development of Polycystic ovarian syndrome, which has an estimated prevalence of 10 to 30 percent in women of reproductive age. However, as of 2010, researchers were not able to distinguish the association between PCOS and a single genetic defect.

1. Hormonal imbalance: The culprit behind PCOS is an imbalance between your female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and male hormones (androgen). PCOS occurs when one or both of these hormones become imbalanced. An imbalance between the hormones estrogen and progesterone results in irregular ovulation and can result in irregular periods, acne, hair loss, and heart disease. PCOS affects between 5 and 10 percent of women of reproductive age. The risk is higher among women of African American and Hispanic descent. Symptoms For PCOS, irregular menstrual periods are the most obvious sign.

2. Genetic factors: In a recent study, 17.4% of PCOS patients had a family history of the condition. Hormonal imbalances Women with PCOS have too many of the male sex hormone, testosterone. The ovaries may not produce enough estrogen, a hormone that helps a woman to develop a baby, and other conditions are thought to make it hard for a woman to get pregnant. PCOS can also cause facial hair growth, body hair, excess skin, acne, urinary tract infections, painful intercourse, and irregular or no periods. The most common symptoms of PCOS include weight gain, irregular menstrual periods, thinning hair, acne, and irregular periods. As with many diseases, PCOS affects all women of childbearing age differently.

Treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Treatment of Polycystic ovarian syndrome depends on many factors. If Polycystic ovarian is not accompanied by hypothyroidism, then the key is a good diet and lifestyle. Takeaway Being overweight can raise the risk of PCOS and other hormonal imbalances. The following lifestyle changes can help women who are overweight manage the risk of Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Diet Losing weight may be the best way to lower the risk of PCOS and other metabolic problems. Losing weight may be the best way to lower the risk of Polycystic ovarian syndrome and other metabolic problems. A healthy diet is vital for Polycystic ovarian syndrome management. The basic rule of thumb is to eliminate foods that are high in animal fat, sugar, and trans or saturated fat.


In conclusion, Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a very common condition among women of reproductive age. It affects as many as 5 percent of women of reproductive age. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a combination of symptoms of many other common hormonal imbalances. It can be a difficult condition to diagnose. Often the only way to find out what is going on is to have blood tests and a pelvic exam. Furthermore, If you think that you may have Polycystic ovarian syndrome, talk to your health care provider or book an appointment with a gynecologist.

By Sanjeev

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